Russian Federation proposed a rival text last week that demands justice but does not establish a tribunal.
The United Nations Security Council is set to vote on Wednesday whether to set up an global tribunal to prosecute those suspected of bringing down Malaysia Airlines MH17 over Ukraine a year ago.
Malaysia has circulated a draft resolution requiring all countries to co-operate with the special tribunal or face sanctions, and called for a vote next Wednesday.
All 298 passengers on board Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 were killed when it was shot down in July 2014 in Ukrainian territory held by Russian-backed separatists.
“No worldwide tribunals were created in other similar circumstances … not when a Russian airliner belonging to the air company “Sibir” was shot down in 2001 by Ukrainian armed forces over the Black Sea, and not when the American Navy destroyed Iran Air Flight IR-655 over the Persian Gulf on July 3, 1988″, he said.
Russia’s ambassador to Malaysia Valery N. Yermolov (pic) said the current push for the tribunal by Malaysia and four other countries in the Joint Investigation Team (JIT) did not fulfil the basis of UN Security Council Resolution 2166.
“This is not a proper thing for the Security Council to do because it’s not a case of a threat to worldwide peace and security”, Churkin said in a phone interview. But Moscow has rejected accusations it supplied the rebels with SA-11 Buk anti-aircraft missile systems.
While Churkin said he has not received definitive instructions from Moscow for Wednesday’s vote, he said: “I have a very strong feeling that it’s not going to lead to a result that will be satisfactory for the Security Council”.
“We consider the issue of establishing an global tribunal concerning the MH17 catastrophe to be premature and counterproductive”, said Yermolov at a press conference here, Friday.
The proposal was offered by Malaysia, Australia, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Ukraine. Russian Federation is a Security Council veto power and can block the bid.
“Some members of the JIT seem to have decided beforehand who is responsible without any solid evidence and without fulfilling the UN Security Council Resolution 2166″, said Yermolov.
Led by the Dutch, those countries are conducting a criminal inquiry in the downing of MH17.
The Dutch Safety Board is expected to issue a final report on the cause of the crash in October. This resolution states that all member states have to cooperate in the prosecution of those responsible for the disaster.