“We look forward to working with the provinces and territories as we advance in our co-operation”. “Removing barriers to labour mobility will play a key part in efforts to make it easier for Canadians to find good, well-paying jobs while supporting the successful economies of both provinces”.

Meanwhile on Friday, Clark signed another agreement with Nova Scotia to enhance workforce co-operation, increase the mobility of skilled shipbuilders, and enhance the marine industry. Our overwhelming reliance on carbon-based fuel sources means that, for better or worse, producers still need to move oil and gas across the country – and the provinces do not have the constitutional authority to block pipelines. On the other, it talks about fostering the development of pan-Canadian, regional and bi-lateral agreements on energy development transportation and transmission.

Saskatchewan Premier Brad Wall said he was more comfortable with the stronger language in Friday’s document on ensuring there is infrastructure in place to get energy to market.

He expressed his concerns that the strategy did not recognize the importance of the oil and gas industry to Canada’s economy and was tilted too much toward addressing climate change issues, which could have put up roadblocks to pipeline expansion, for example. “Apparently their Premiers agree”, she added.

But Wall says he was won over by a chapter of the strategy concerning the movement of oil across the country.

Robert Skinner, an executive fellow at the School of Public Policy at the University of Calgary who worked on and studied energy strategies for decades, said it’s not surprising it falls short.

The strategy was announced at the same time as Nexen Energy apologized for one of the worst pipeline leaks in Canadian history after a rupture was discovered Wednesday night in one of their northern Alberta pipelines, spewing out 5-million liters of oil emulsion.

Canadians should be both proud and grateful for lucrative reserves of oil and gas “which are not four-letter words”, he told the closing news conference. “There are plenty of ways premiers can achieve this”, she commented.

“Wildfires in British Columbia, a severe drought in California and more extreme and unpredictable weather all underscore the urgency of the climate crisis and the need for a meaningful energy strategy to tackle carbon pollution”, the group declared in a statement.

Premiers Philippe Couillard and Kathleen Wynne’s neighbourly friendship was on display this week in St. John’s, where the two campaigned for a broad climate change plan as part of the Canadian Energy Strategy.

The strategy even drew criticism from the United States, where the Natural Resources Defence Council called its commitment to reducing greenhouse gas emissions “tepid”.

“Not only would new pipelines bring spill risks to communities and watersheds across Canada, they would lock this country into a carbon-polluting future for decades to come”.