Scientists are saying that the major greenhouse gases that fuel global warming hit record levels last year and the surface of our planet is hotter than it has ever been in 135 years.
“The variety of indicators shows us how our climate is changing, not just in temperature but from the depths of the oceans to the outer atmosphere”, Thomas R. Karl, L.H.D, director at the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, said in the release.
“Carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide – the major greenhouse gases released into Earth’s atmosphere – once again all reached record high average atmospheric concentrations for the year”, it said. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the American Meteorological Society¿s annual state of the climate delved into the hot details of already reported record-smashing warmth globally in 2014, giving special attention to the world¿s oceans. Europe, Mexico, Argentina, Uruguay and Australia experienced record or near record warmth. 2014 was the fourth warmest year on record for the Arctic since record-keeping began in the early twentieth century.
“Most of the dozens of essential climate variables monitored each year in this report continued to follow their long-term trends in 2014, with several setting new records”, researchers wrote.
That trend in increasing nighttime low temperatures is expected to continue for the entire U.S.as greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise and trap more and more heat.
A total of 413 scientists from 58 countries around the world contributed to the report, which is based on data collected by environmental monitoring stations and instruments on land, water, ice and in space.
The findings are contained in the 2014 State of the Climate report, a peer-reviewed study that examines temperature, precipitation and weather events around the world. Oceans act as trapping mechanisms for 90 percent of the heat in the Earth’s atmosphere.
He also said subtropical fish not normally seen that far north are appearing off the coast of an unusually warm Alaska. And for the past 12 months, the number of daily all-time warm low temperature records in individual locations has been outpacing cold ones by an even greater margin of 6-to-1. This was the third consecutive year of record maximum sea ice extent. Above average highs and lows resulted in near average temperatures for the continent over all. Similar to 2013, the North Atlantic season was quieter than most years of the last two decades with respect to the number of storms. Keith Seitter, head of the American Meteorological Society, which published the report, found that ironic. It’s 288 pages, but we’ll save you some time.